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Genital Abnormalities

Genital abnormalities are defects in the genital organs that are present at the time of birth. They are caused by an abnormality in the development of the genital tract during fetal growth. The cause for disorders of sexual development or DSD is not very clear, but is most often associated with genetic mutations, chromosomal abnormalities, a lack or deficiency of sex hormones, or non-response of genital tissues to the production of sex hormones. Hypospadias, epispadias and posterior urethral valves are some of the genital abnormalities occurring in children.


The urethra is a narrow tube that drains urine from the bladder. In males, the urethra normally opens at the tip of the penis and in girls, above the vaginal opening. Hypospadias is a condition in which the opening of the urethra is found on the underside of the penis or into the vaginal opening in girls. The condition is more common in boys than girls. Treatment for this condition involves reconstruction of the urethra.


Epispadia is a rare condition, in which the urethra abnormally opens near the top or side of the penis in boys, and between the clitoris and labia or in the abdomen in girls. The condition causes urinary tract infections, urinary incontinence (no control over voiding) or urinary reflux. The condition may be surgically treated with bladder outlet reconstruction.

Posterior urethral valves

Posterior urethral valve is a condition characterized by an extra flap of tissue in the urethra that obstructs the urine outflow from the bladder to the outside. Posterior urethral valves can cause urinary tract infections, urine reflux, urinary tract damage and renal insufficiency, if left untreated. Fulgaration is a therapeutic procedure that involves the removal of the obstructing tissue using high-frequency electric current.

NMC UroCare provides specialized and experienced urologists and the best quality treatments. For further information regarding Genital Abnormalities please contact NMC UroCare.