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Welcome to NMC Urocare

Prostate – Overview

The Prostate gland is found only in men. It forms part of the male reproductive system and releases a fluid that protects and nourishes sperm. This fluid is secreted into the urethra and is discharged along with sperm as semen during ejaculation.

In young men, the prostate is about the size of a walnut. The gland increases in size during puberty, and attains its full size during the early twenties and remains stable thereafter. Sometimes, between the ages of 40 and 45, the cells in the prostate gland undergo multiplication and cause the gland to further enlarge, which in turn presses against the urinary bladder and urethra, causing problems during urination.

Some of the common problems include

  • Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) – More common in elderly men causing dribbling after urination and urinary frequency especially at night.
  • Prostatitis – Inflammation of the prostate usually caused by bacterial infection
  • Prostate Cancer – Abnormal growth of the prostate caused by uncontrolled cell division