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Reconstruction of Bladder Anomalies

Bladder anomalies are congenital urological problems that occur during fetal development. There are various kinds of bladder anomalies. The common conditions are

  • Exstrophy: the bladder is open to the outside and turned inside out, protruding from the lower abdomen
  • Congenital diverticulum: an outpouching or herniation of the bladder through the outer muscular wall
  • Megacystis syndrome: large, thin-walled bladder that causes reflux of urine
  • Hypospadias: a condition where the urethral opening is on the underside of the penis instead of at the tip.
  • Posterior urethral valve (PUV) disorder: abnormal membrane or extra flaps of tissue that prevents emptying of the bladder in males

Bladder anomalies may cause infection, urinary retention, urinary incontinence or reflux.

The treatment of symptomatic anomalies generally requires reconstructive surgery, which depends on the severity of the condition and the organ involved. The reconstruction usually includes several surgeries that are performed at various stages of your child’s development to obtain the best results. The procedures involve the removal of the diverticulum, reconstruction of the bladder and repositioning into the pelvic region, bladder wall reconstruction, reconstruction of the penis and repair of genitalia. After the surgery, utmost care is taken to prevent the risk of infection. Your doctor may discuss certain behavior modifications that you can practice with your child to help them function at the maximum potential.

NMC UroCare provides specialized and experienced urologists and the best quality treatments. For further information regarding Reconstruction of Bladder Anomalies, please contact NMC UroCare.